Research

Books

Meter and Modernity in English Verse, 1350-1650. In preparation. An exploration of fourteenth-, fifteenth-, sixteenth-, and seventeenth-century English metrical histories in the context of the medieval/modern periodization. Special emphasis on English political prophecy.

Editor, with Shannon Beddingfield, A. S. G. Edwards, Shu-han Luo, Barbara A. Shailor, Rebecca Springer, Joseph Stadolnik, and Emily UlrichThe Book of Brome: A Collaborative Edition. In preparation. A diplomatic edition of and commentary on New Haven, Beinecke Library, MS 365, a late fifteenth- and sixteenth-century East Anglian miscellany.

Editor, with Irina DumitrescuEarly English Poetics and the History of Style. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, under contract. A collection of essays showcasing new work in the overlapping fields of poetics, medieval studies, and English literary history.

English Alliterative Verse: Poetic Tradition and Literary History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. A cultural history of the English alliterative meter, c. 650-1550 CE. Challenges and renegotiates the division of medieval English literary history into ‘Old’ and ‘Middle’ subperiods by retracing 900 years of metrical history. Chapters on Beowulf; prologues to Old English poetry; Lawman’s Brut, an alliterative verse chronicle of the twelfth century; prologues to Middle English poetry; St. Erkenwald, an alliterative romance of the fourteenth or fifteenth century; and the alliterative tradition in the sixteenth century.

Articles and Essays

“The Idea of Bede in English Political Prophecy.” In Anglo-Saxon Predecessors and Precedents, ed. Jay Paul Gates and Brian O’Camb (in preparation). An overview of the uses of Bede in late medieval English political prophecy, with a first critical edition of an early fifteenth-century rhyming prophecy (New Index of Middle English Verse 4154.3).

“The Paris Psalter and English Literary History.” In Early English Poetics and the History of Style, ed. Irina Dumitrescu and Eric Weiskott (Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, under contract). An essay on the style of the Paris Psalter in comparison with earlier and later alliterative poems.

Alliterative Verse.” In Oxford Bibliographies in British and Irish Literature, ed. Andrew Hadfield (commissioned; under review). An annotated bibliography of scholarship on Old and Middle English alliterative poetry.

Puns and Poetic Style in Old English.” In Etymology and Wordplay in Medieval Literatures, ed. Mikael Males (Turnhout: Brepols, under contract). An essay on wordplay in the Old English Exodus and the formalism/historicism interface in literary study.

“Early English Meter as a Way of Thinking.” Studia Metrica et Poetica (forthcoming). An essay framing metrical variety and literary experimentation in late fourteenth-century England as an opportunity for intellectual history.

Multispectral Imaging and Medieval Manuscripts.” In The Routledge Handbook of Digital Medieval Literature and Culture, ed. Jennifer Boyle and Helen Burgess (London: Routledge, forthcoming). An essay introducing a new digital approach to medieval manuscripts by summarizing a Mellon-funded project in the digital humanities at Yale University.

“William Langland’s Piers Plowman.” For Gale Researcher (commissioned; forthcoming). An article aimed at undergraduates, surveying the major features and problems of Piers Plowman and of its textual, literary, and intellectual traditions.

Alliterative Meter and English Literary History, 1700-2000.” ELH 84 (2017): 259-85. An essay in disciplinary history, exploring how eighteenth-, nineteenth-, and twentieth-century scholars of alliterative verse wove together metrical and literary history. [academia.edu]

The Ireland Prophecy: Text and Metrical Context.” Studies in Philology 114 (2017): 245-77. An article providing a first critical edition and verse-historical contextualization of a late fifteenth-century alliterative verse prophecy (New Index of Middle English Verse 366.5/2834.3/3557.55). [academia.edu] [companion website]

Alliterative Meter after 1450: The Vision of William Banastre.” In Early English Poetic Culture and Metre: The Influence of G. R. Russom, ed. Lindy Brady and M. J. Toswell (Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute, 2016), pp. 149-79. An essay providing a first critical edition and verse-historical contextualization of a late fifteenth-century alliterative verse prophecy (New Index of Middle English Verse 1967.8). [academia.edu] [companion website]

Before Prosody: Early English Poetics in Practice and Theory.” Modern Language Quarterly 77 (2016): 473-98. An article using the case of English alliterative verse to bring a longer historical perspective to recent critical debates about the contextualization of English poetics. [academia.edu]

Grass-Bed: A Poetic Compound in the Alliterative Tradition.” Anglia 134 (2016): 587-603. An article connecting metrical history with lexical history through a case study of one especially long-lived and metrically marked poetic word.

A New Text of the Marvels of Merlin.” Journal of the Early Book Society 19 (2016): 227-39. An article introducing a previously unrecognized text of a fifteenth-century political prophecy and setting the text in codicological and textual-historical context. [academia.edu]

Piers Plowman and the Durable Alliterative Tradition.” Yearbook of Langland Studies 30 (2016): 123-73. An article drawing on new research in alliterative metrics in order to locate Langland’s verse techniques in metrical history and cultural history. [academia.edu]

Prophetic Piers Plowman: New Sixteenth-Century Excerpts.” Review of English Studies 67 (2016): 21-41. An article introducing two previously unrecognized excerpts from Piers Plowman and reassessing the extent of the influence of political prophecy on Langland’s poetic practice. This article has been named a Review of English Studies Editors’ Choice selection for 2017 and is available to download for free all year.

Systematicity, a Missing Term in Historical Metrics.” Language and Literature 25 (2016): 328-42. An article identifying two persistent problems in the historical study of meter—nonconformant metrical patterns and metrical change—and offering a new term as a conceptual tool for understanding their interdependence. [academia.edu]

Alliterative Metre and the Textual Criticism of the Gawain Group.” Yearbook of Langland Studies 29 (2015): 151-75. An article surveying the prospects for research at the intersection of metrics and textual criticism, with special reference to ten verses in the Cotton Nero poems. [academia.edu]

Old English Poetry, Verse by Verse.” Anglo-Saxon England 44 (2015): 95-130. An essay in the history of style, proposing a new syntactical interpretation of many syntactically problematic passages that opens onto a new way of parsing and punctuating Old English poetry. [academia.edu]

Chaucer the Forester: The Friar’s Tale, Forest History, and Officialdom.” Chaucer Review 47 (2013): 323-36. An article identifying the Anglo-Norman forest bureaucracy as a point of contact between Chaucer’s life and the social satire of the Friar’s Tale. [academia.edu]

Lawman, the Last Old English Poet and the First Middle English Poet.” In Laʒamon’s “Brut” and Other Medieval Chronicles: 14 essays, ed. Marie-Françoise Alamichel (Paris: L’Harmattan, 2013), pp. 11-57. An essay extending recent scholarship on the meter of Lawman’s Brut to other Early Middle English alliterative poetry and reconsidering Lawman’s position in literary history.

Phantom Syllables in the English Alliterative Tradition.” Modern Philology 110 (2013): 441-58. An article comparing and connecting phenomena of metrical phonology (metrically encoded linguistic form) in Old English meter and Middle English alliterative meter. [academia.edu]

Making Beowulf Scream: Exclamation and the Punctuation of Old English Poetry.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 111 (2012): 25-41. An article arguing that editorial exclamation points in modern editions of Beowulf reveal the changing priorities of Old English studies, 1833-2008. [academia.edu]

Notes and Short Essays

Saint Kenelm in an Imaginative Illustration.” Notes & Queries (forthcoming). A short essay offering a new interpretation of the earliest extant portrayal of Saint Kenelm.

More Prophetic Piers Plowman.” ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews (online). A short essay presenting five previously unrecognized sixteenth-century prophetic excerpts from Piers Plowman.

Adam Scriveyn and Chaucer’s Metrical Practice.” Medium Ævum 86 (2017): 147-51. A short essay arguing on metrical grounds that Geoffrey Chaucer did not compose the short poem Chaucers Wordes unto Adam, His Owne Scriveyn.

A Postdating of Throw ‘Time’ in Twelfth Night.” Notes & Queries 63 (2016): 421-22. A scholarly note identifying the latest known instance of throw in the sense ‘time,’ in Shakespeare’s early seventeenth-century play.

An Overlooked Excerpt from Thomas of Erceldoune.” Notes & Queries 63 (2016): 18-19. A scholarly note describing a new text of a Middle English prophetic quatrain and identifying this quatrain as an excerpt from a longer verse prophecy attributed to Thomas of Erceldoune.

An Oxymoron in Beowulf.” ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews 29 (2016): 51-2. A scholarly note identifying an oxymoron in a problematic passage in Beowulf.

A Plea for Pronunciation.” In “Old English across the Curriculum: Contexts and Pedagogies,” ed. Haruko Momma and Heide Estes, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Teaching 22 (2015): 41-2. A short essay on the value of consistent pronunciation in Old English language pedagogy.

Beowulf 2910a ‘leofes ond laðes’.” Notes & Queries 62 (2015): 188-90. A scholarly note proposing a new syntactical interpretation of one verse in a problematic passage in Beowulf.

The Meter of Widsith and the Distant Past.” Neophilologus 99 (2015): 143-50. A short essay mobilizing metrical and linguistic evidence in order to dispute the possibility that any portion of the Old English Widsith was composed before the migration of the Angles and Saxons to Britain. [academia.edu]

Another New Fragment of Speculum Vitae.Journal of the Early Book Society 17 (2014): 352-55. A short essay announcing my discovery of a new fragment of a Middle English poem in the binding material of a sixteenth-century printed book. [academia.edu]

Bawdyng, a Middle English Hapax Legomenon.” Notes & Queries 60 (2013): 24. A scholarly note identifying a culinary hapax legomenon of unknown meaning and unknown origin in a fifteenth-century manuscript. [academia.edu]

OE lændagas in Beowulf 2341b.” Notes & Queries 60 (2013): 485-87. A scholarly note supporting the traditional emendation here, in preference to the new emendation offered in Klaeber’s Beowulf (2008). [academia.edu]

Three-Position Verses in Beowulf.Notes & Queries 60 (2013): 483-85. A scholarly note proposing that some metrical patterns with three metrical positions are rare but authentic in Old English verse. [academia.edu]

A Semantic Replacement for Kaluza’s Law in Beowulf.” English Studies 93 (2012): 891-96. A short essay proposing that the metrical phenomenon known as ‘Kaluza’s law’ is best understood as a mixture of overlapping phonological, morphological, and semantic oppositions, with no intrinsic significance for the dating of Beowulf. [academia.edu]

OE Panther 74b ‘Þæt is æþele stenc’.” Notes & Queries 59 (2012): 5-6. A scholarly note identifying a biblical source for the final verse of the Old English Panther. [academia.edu]

Three Beowulf Cruces: healgamen, fremu, Sigemunde.” Notes & Queries 58 (2011): 3-7.A short essay reevaluating three passages in which the editors of Klaeber’s Beowulf (2008) have emended or invented proper names. [academia.edu]

Reviews

Michael Calabrese, An Introduction to “Piers Plowman” (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2016)Journal of English and Germanic Philology (forthcoming).

Andrew Cole and Andrew Galloway, eds., The Cambridge Companion to “Piers Plowman” (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014)Speculum 91 (2016): 189-91. [academia.edu]

Leonard Neidorf, ed., The Dating of “Beowulf”: A Reassessment (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2014)Review of English Studies 67 (2016): 788-90. [academia.edu]

Fiona Somerset and Nicholas Watson, eds., Truth and Tales: Cultural Mobility and Medieval Media (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2015)Arthuriana 26 (2016): 152-55. [academia.edu]

Michael D. C. Drout, Tradition and Influence in Anglo-Saxon Literature: An Evolutionary, Cognitivist Approach (New York: Palgrave, 2013)Speculum 90 (2015): 1108-10. [academia.edu]

Stephen Yeager, From Lawmen to Plowmen: Anglo-Saxon Legal Tradition and the School of Langland (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014)Studies in the Age of Chaucer 37 (2015): 338-41. [academia.edu]